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[1] Grupul de Economie Aplicată (GEA), , Manual de evaluare a competitivității regionale, București, p. 5. Local economical development principles. Manual de supravie_uire si crestere a firmelor în condi_iile economiei de pia_a, Grupul de Economie Aplicata(GEA- The Applied Economy Group), Manual de . Matematică aplicată în economie: manual de studiu individual by Tatiana Corina Dosescu(Book) 1 edition published in in Romanian and held by 2.

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This area represented by example by Timis County, in the future may host more than one cluster in areas like textiles, shoes, software. Productivity, with increasing wages and employability of the workforce, are considered the main reasons for increased interest in the formation of clusters. Edonomie Francois1 has developed the concept of growth poles growth pole strategy that economic increase manifests itself in growth poles which are located in urban areas, affecting both regional development and the wider economy.

Weber extended the basic model by considering a cheap labour force and by taking into account the agglomeration areas, which increases the consumer market of goods, generating savings. Using statistical data relatively recently by the European Cluster Observatoryour paper aims at revealing the fact that clusters are linked to prosperity xplicata that it exists a necessity to consider them as a central part of each economic strategy for the European Union member states.

Association has a team permanent staff which has a role in: Palicata priority areas and their quotes are: These poles mqnual highly entrepreneurship and have a profitable business environment.

Dosescu, Tatiana Corina [WorldCat Identities]

The potential clusters were identified in the textile industry mnual Timis and Bacau counties, software sector from Timisoara, Cluj and Bucharest, woodworking in Mures, in the chemical industry, metal products, general purpose machinery and engines form Brasov, and the local clusters in different areas such as – leather and footwear, electrical components, telecommunications equipment and radio and TV.

In developed economies, they communicate, creating genuine network development. Boudeville demonstrated that regional growth pole has a large number of development sectors, located in urban areas and which are able to generate increased economic activity around the entire area of influence. Current Trends of the Regional Development Policy manuual the European … Each pole of competitiveness has its own legal personality, often form an association.

Help Center Find new research papers in: This is due to domestic scale economies, known majual agglomerations economies. Other descriptions of industrial clusters are based on: The main benefits identified by the organization after adoption of the cluster model are productivity, regional specificities, increased mobility of information.


Dosescu, Tatiana Corina

ecpnomie Creating and developing a regional specific, through the formation of clusters, helps regions in creating a productive business environment, leading to attract as many specialized companies on their territory.

The existence of an early horizontal cluster is motivated by the companies perception in terms of characteristics of local production system: Product life cycle theory is developed by Raymond Vernonwhich started its work on links between the expenses incurred by the firm for long-term research and development and its possibilities of winning according to phases or steps that can browse a product from its launch on the market, until the end of its production.

The level of economic development research and the systematic study of business in 10 countries with a significant competitive position, and in over industries, Professor Michael Porter brought the debate on how companies manage to compete and contribute in raising living standards in the countries where they are located.

Government policies should be oriented towards supporting the development of existing clusters or in training, rather than towards the creation of new clusters. They are rooted in the existence of specialized suppliers for certain goods, services which are shared by many other companies in that areain the existence of a local ecnoomie labour which facilitates the transfer of workers from one firm to another as xplicata of them to increase productionof the diffusion of information and innovation.

Project partners from seven countries, three from Western Europe Germany, Italy and United Kingdom and four from Central and Eastern Europe Czech Republic, Poland, Slovenia and Romania are investigating trough case studies the relationship between clusters, at an European level. Romania was the partner country in the project and the final project report on Romania has identified four potential clusters occurred in Harghita County Central Region in woodworking, pottery, printing and switchgear industry.

If, at the beginning, the effort to develop clusters belonged to private persons and companies, nowadays, the actors involved in their development are the governments and public institutions of national or regional level. Looking in particular the sustainable development of industrial structures, Porter demonstrated the influence of competitive relations between national industries and economic development, by the model of competitive advantages apilcata national industries.

Clusters affect competitive advantage on three major directions: Explanations are based on recording specific economies of scale, known as agglomeration economies. A business cluster is a group, a cluster of organizations with a competitive nature in a target market.


Cluster theory, launched by Michael E. Indeed, clusters are developing their full potential when they are able to take full advantage of interdependence in order to bid on additional activities, creating synergies that could lead to a common increase of the whole sector and benefiting all participants in the cluster. According to Edgar M. Overall, the role of government is to be the facilitator and participant in public- private partnerships.

We shall also present the initiatives of cluster type between the European states, successful clusters, with a possible multiplication effect.

Once resources are exhausted and the work force revolts, industries relocate themselves. In this economic sector there are operating companies that operate exclusively or with a part of production. During the project aimed to conduct an analysis of existing potential of clusters in the partner countries in Central and Eastern Ecoomie and then to assist these countries in developing the cluster, using the experience and know – how from Italy and Austria.

Moreover, the cluster can often not be the answer to increasing the competitiveness of a region, source may come from elsewhere. The specialty literature regarding local economic development, based on the idea of cluster starts from well-known economic theories, such as: A region develops around such a pole of growth, because of its spread effects. It is known that technology and innovation do not develop in isolated organizations, but in open environments, where there is interaction between competent individuals of different organizations.

Biotechnologies, transport and mobility, health and medicine, new materials, manufacturing and engineering, aviation and space, energy and environment, ICT, micro-nano-opto. In Germany, The European Cluster Observatory mentioned clusters in the following areas of activity: Often, clusters are extending to different downstream channels and customers and laterally to manufacturers mamual complementary products and to the industries related by skills, technologies or common inputs.

According to this concept, development is an unbalanced and hierarchical process, in which a certain number of economic units play an engine role that puts them out from the others.

Agglomeration economies are manifested as internal economies of scale, localization economies and urbanization economies.