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Irina HOLDEVICI, Professor, Ph.D., Bucharest University (BU): Chap. Elemente de psihoterapie, Editura AII, Bucureşti. Ionescu, G. Irina Holdevici’s 20 research works with 14 citations and reads, including: Hipnoza în psihoterapie. Irina Holdevici has expertise in Physics and Space. download PDF Carti De Psihologie Hipnoza In Psihoterapie book you are also De Inductie Hipnotica, Volumul -Hipnoza Clinica, De Irina Holdevici, Cuprinde Andrei Athanasiu – Elemente De Psihologie Medicală Andrei.

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Individuals may have a number of conflicted attitudes towards a behavior. In our century, any important application is preceded by a holdeviici fundamental research done in a scientific way. Diffusion theory Rogers, moves from the primarily intraindividual processes involved in the previous models to consider a more societal model of change.

This approach will be detailed in regard to anxiety, sexual and psychosomatic disorders. The way the treatment is delivered to the patient depends on interface theory and language.

Cognitive science and clinical disorders, Academic Press, U. The efficacy of Tobramycin in the treatment of ulcerative yoldevici, Aliment. In addition, it reduces symptomatology because the patient understands his disorder so that anxiety due to uncontrollable symptoms is eliminated and also because it enhances hope and expectancies for recovery placebo effect.

There are also other forms of therapy such as 3 r-‘ dynamic-psychoanalytic therapies or humanistic-experiential therapies.

The consequences are represented by positive and negative reinforcements and by punishments; 2 modifying the antecedents and the consequences with specific techniques in order to eliminate an undesirable behavior see the chapters two and three ; 3 follow up; 4 focusing on the second problem etc. The patient and the therapist work in collaboration to relieve symptoms. For example, in medicine besides the dominant biomedical paradigm there are also other approaches, some of them quite exotic see for example, psychosocial approach, acupuncture etc.


Part three approaches dynamic assessment-formative diagnosis in comparison to classic psychological testing in case of cognitive abilities and hypnotizability.

It consists of high-level assumptions that can not be tested directly at an experimental level. Anxiety is typically associated with many different risk factors, rather then a single risk factor Sims and Snaith, According to this view of the philosophy of science, in psychotherapy we can talk about crisis in the ‘s when behaviorism and behavioral therapy failed to explain how cognition and information processing influence our behavior and emotions.

Intervention techniques at cognitive level 23 Chap. For example, the psychological symptoms of anxiety and depression, other mental disorders and maladaptive health behavior may affect the course of the treatment of the general medical conditions, compliance to holfevici treatment, preparation for surgery and recovery after surgery. In the ‘s, cognitive therapy has assimilated the correct assumptions of behavioral therapy, in the work of Bandura, Lazarus and Meinckenbaum.

Interface theory is of help in research only if it fits holdevivi scientific one, otherwise it is useless because it can not stimulate the progress in science as much as the scientific theory.

Terapie-cognitiv-comportamentala (carte).pdf

The structure of the book is thought in the following way. Dynamic assessment and cognitive modifiability Chap. More precisely, actual unconscious conflicts could be resolved by dynamic-psychoanalytic techniques identification of the conflict by free association and then its interpretation by reduction to basal conflicts in childhood or by classic cognitive techniques.

However, cognitive-behavioral therapy seems to be the dominant scientific paradigm in psychotherapy at psihoteraipe end of this century.

Irina Holdevici

Prevention science should advance our knowledge about protective factors. This is pxihoterapie of the direct connections among the cognitive, behavior, biological and subjective levels see fig. Anxiety and Cognitive Science perspective 75 Chap. If a psychological disorder lasts for a Iong time, then stress-related psychological and physiological responses can produce psychosomatic disorders.


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Coping mechanisms can be adaptive or maladaptive depending on their consequences for the subject cost and benefit and the period of time he resorts to them. For example, in the precontemplation and contemplation stages providing information for raising awareness is a more appropriate intervention; on the other hand, coping skills training is more appropriate for those who are ready for action, and continued encouragement for those maintaining a behavioral change.

Therefore, the psychological factors influence the pathogeny of this kind of disorders.

elekente Interventions with disthymic children are justified as a means of preventing more severe forms of affective disorders during adolescence and adulthood. Primary prevention refers to intervention before the onset of anxiety disorder. Preventive intervention should occur before the first onset of mental dysfunction; with early intervention, there is a greater chance of preventing disorder. First phase approximately sessions. More than that, the psychological factors can influence acute disorders whose etiology is pure biological by other mechanisms.

Scientists accept the scientific paradigm although psiohterapie may not account for all of the available evidence drawn by experiments. In psychotherapy, at this point -the ‘s-cognitive therapy emerged trying to explain how information processing influences our behavior and emotions.